THE THEME OF PACIFISM AND FOREIGN-GEORGIAN INTELLECTUALS
The nineteenth century is more or less related to both militaristic and pacifist tendencies, caused by real-world events, wars, local struggles, especially in the 50-s and 70-s, which are somehow reflected mainly in journalism, scientific-sociological works, and literary texts. From this point of view, our attention is focused on the retrospective analysis of the thoughts of Berta von Suttner (1843-1914) and Niko Nikoladze (1842-1928), representatives of two (foreign and Georgian) intellectuals, which found a peculiar reflection even among researchers (Irina Bagration-Mukhraneli) though somehow vaguely and schematically. The aim of the research is to evaluate the anti-militarist letters published by Niko Nikoladze in the newspaper " Obzor" and evaluating the merit of Berta von Suttner, the Nobel Laureate in the field of peace, in the preparation of the World Congress in The Hague, especially with the feature text " Die Waffen Nieder!" The above-mentioned material by N. Nikoladze and Berta Suttner is related to the period, namely the 1870s, though the research process does not focus on their acquaintance. It is clear what significance their thinking had for the development of the pacifist tendency of political thought.
Keywords: Down with the war, honor, militarism, Georgia.