GEOPOLITICAL KNOT OF THE BLACK SEA SECURITY
The given work represents the geopolitical significance of the Black Sea region. It refers to the overview of main actors of the region, their motives, and ongoing challenges influencing the Euro-Atlantic and regional security. The research focuses on the role of the Black Sea region regarding the energy security issue. The actions determined by the control of Energy Corridor and natural resources of the region and military-political threats related to the guaranteeing of mentioned issues.
The work is also relevant as it refers to the current conflicts in the world (the Middle East, the Caucasus, Ukraine), as they impose the role of a significant logistical hub to the region. Taking into consideration the current situation, research focuses not only on the goals and roles of geostrategic actors but also on the importance of the small states in the region in terms of forming the common Euro-Atlantic security architecture.
Accordingly, the aim of the given research is to answer such questions as What factors define the geopolitical significance of the Black Sea region? Which are the key actors in the research region? What are the possible threats coming out from the different military-political goals of the actors in the region and the actions implemented and planned by them?
The given research emphasizes the existence of different military-political views between the leading actors in the Black Sea Basin as they face the region before new challenges. Attention is also paid to the necessity of carrying out a cautious and moderate policy from small states. By implementing timely and effective actions, it would be possible to ensure the prevention of ongoing threats and create favorable conditions to establish a common security space.
Keywords: geopolitics, security, black sea, transit, Energy-resources