ISSUES OF DEMOCRATIZATION AND INTERCULTURAL DIALOGUE IN TURKEY OF XXI CENTURY
There can be no peace without democratization and intercultural dialogue, which due to their importance lead to the ultimate result of what is called the union of civilizations among nations. In this regard, it is interesting to consider the issues of democratization and intercultural dialogue in Turkey in XXI century.
In order to reach a high level of democratic development, any state needs a strong society and political will.
At the beginning of XX century, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938), the founder of the Turkish Republic, took the course of state development of the country to the west and declared the path of Europeanization as the main principle of unchanging domestic and foreign policy.
The current events in Turkey in the first decade of XXI century have shown that the country is developing as a strong state. So, it is interesting to observe how the Republican Turkey will continue to pursue democratic and European values and to support the state rule of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
For Turkey and its leader, Islam is a tool that helps to stabilize the political system and transform Turkey into a traditional, conservative society with fewer opportunities to generate protests related to social, ethnic and other civil rights.
The coming decades will show whether the country with a Muslim culture will be able to adapt to a democratic Western civilization and what the consequences will be.
Key words: democratization; Intercultural dialogue; New Turkey; Democratic values.