• ALEKSANDRE MOSIASHVILI Doctor of History, Associate professor of Iakob Gogebashvili Telavi state University, vi, Georgian University St., № 1, 2200, Georgia


The discussion of the tragic events that took place in Tbilisi in December-January of 1991-1992 is relevant to this day. As a result of its completion, the forces at the head of the Georgian government and their supporters assessed the incident as a civil war, and named President Zviad Gamsakhurdia and his government as the main culprit. But how correct their assessment was, or whose interests were served by such an assessment, is still not properly studied and completely certain. On January 4, 1991, another issue of the newspaper "7 Days" published in Georgia with its title "Civil War or Peace?" attracted the attention of the readers. What kind of civil war could be talked about at a time when the country was led by a newly elected political power based on the results of the first multi-party elections, not violently, but completely legitimately, democratically. The use of violent forms and approaches was not observed in his rule. In such a short period of time, no one could turn the 70-year-old Soviet republic into a developed democratic country at once, and in order to achieve this goal, the so-called "Transition period". Accordingly, it was necessary to implement certain reforms in various areas. Carrying out reforms required proper preparation and a calm environment. The material given in the mentioned newspaper publication, which mainly includes the interviews of the Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia Akaki Asatiani and the leader of "Mkhedrioni" Jaba Ioseliani, we come across significant information about the ongoing processes at that time. The opposition-minded armed formation "Mkhedrioni" opposed the government with armies and did not allow it to carry out the chosen national course in a peaceful situation. It is interesting that under the conditions of the tragic events that started in Tbilisi on December 22, 1991, the government was on one side, and "Mkhedrioni" was on the other side, along with other internal and external forces. In the matter of correctly perceiving and realizing the defining status of what happened after the bloody conflict, such printed materials provide us with great help. The conducted research allows us to conclude the following: the tragic events unfolding in Tbilisi cannot be considered a civil war. Giving it the status of a civil war was only in the interests of the forces that represented the violent side during the conflict.


Key words: Newspaper ,,7 days"; Civil war; National government; ,,Mkhedrioni”; December-January 1991-1992; Opposition.