Qaqutsa Cholokashvili’s Ties with the North Caucasus (1923, June-November)

  • Edisher Narimanidze Samtskhe-Javakheti State University Doctor of Historical Sciences, Assistant-Professor


The represented work refers to the armed resistence which took place in August-September  1922, one year after the occupation of Georgian Democratic Republic by the Soviet Russia (1918-1921). The resistance movement took place in Dusheti administrative region and mountainous region of Pshav-Khevsureti. It was led by Georgian Democratic Republic Army cavalry Division 1st company commander, colonel Qaikhosro (Qaqutsa) Cholokashvili who was brought up in Sighnaghi administrative region (now Akhmeta region) village Matani. Beginning from March 12, 1922, with his fellow warriors and friends, who were known by the name “shefitsulebi” – sworn men, or “those who fought under the oath,” was camped in the forest. Unfortunately, the resistance was defeated.   

 This work deals with the ties between Qaqutsa Cholokashvili and his combatants with the North Caucasus from June 1923 till November 1923, through the comparatively large and full investigation. This issue is thoroughly investigated using the source documents, emigrant literature and new archive documents which were considered from the new viewpoint, critically and objectively.

The main result of the investigation is that when studying and analyzing the resistance movement in Georgia in 1921-1923, which was aimed to restore independence of Georgia, besides the early known documents, large number of the archive materials being unknown and unpublished till our days, have been now investigated, studied and used to analyze the mentioned important period of time in the Georgian historiography. Those materials mainly refer to the ties between the Georgian movement leader Qaqutsa Cholokashvili and the North Caucasus leaders.    

In relation with the situation formed nowadays in the North Caucasus, the scientific work has its practical as well as theoretical importance.  

How to Cite
NARIMANIDZE, Edisher. Qaqutsa Cholokashvili’s Ties with the North Caucasus (1923, June-November). HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, [S.l.], n. I, p. 55-70, mar. 2019. ISSN 2449-285X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 30 nov. 2023.